Cardiology

treadmill test or exercise test

This is a stress test also known as treadmill test or exercise test, and it allows doctors to detect abnormal heart rhythms for diagnosing whether or not a person has coronary artery disease. The test involves walking on a treadmill while the electrical activity of your heart is monitored alongside. The speed and incline of the treadmill keeps increasing and the results show how well your heart responds to the stress of different levels of exercise. Your blood pressure, heart rate, and ECG will be taken before and after the test and you will be monitored for the entire duration of the test.

electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG)

An electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) is a test that checks for problems with the electrical activity of the heart by placing electrodes on the skin. Also called the Cardiac Stress test, it detects the electrical impulses of the heart which spread through the heart muscle to make the heart contract. A safe and non-invasive procedure, it provides information about your heart rate and rhythm, and shows if there is enlargement of the heart due to high blood pressure. ECG is recommended for those who have risk factors for heart disease such as high blood pressure, or symptoms such as palpitations or chest pain.

Pulmonary Function Testing

Pulmonary Function Testing measures the function of lung capacity and lung and chest wall mechanics to determine whether or not the patient has a lung problem. Commonly referred to as "PFTs", the tests may include simple screening spirometry, static lung volume measurement, diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide, airways resistance, respiratory muscle strength and arterial blood gases. Pulmonary Function Tests are used for screening for the presence of obstructive and restrictive diseases and also for evaluating the patient prior to surgery.